Commonly used Toeic Expressions

Commonly used Toeic Expressions

Words and expressions frequently appear on TOEIC

 

  1. Nouns + preposition

 

Cause ofThe cause of fire was carelessness
Combination ofA combination of high interest rates and falling demands forced the company to close.
Demand forThe management has refused to agree to our demand for 7% pay raise.
Development inPeople are happy with development in medicine.
Effect ofOne of the effects of illness is that you lose your hair.
Example ofThis church is a wonderful example of medieval architecture.
Exception toWe don’t usually do it this way, but we’ll make an exception to the rule in your case.
Idea forWhat gave you the idea for the book?
Improvement inThere has been a significant improvement in the company’s trading position.
Increase inAn increase in crime was one of the most serious problems that city had.
Native ofHe is a native of California.
Part inThe question of cost will play an important part in our decision.
Price ofWhat is the price of this suit?
Probability ofThere’s very little probability of an agreement being reached.
Problem withThe company had no problems with management.
Process ofCoal was formed out of dead forest by a long, slow process of chemical change.
Reliance onI have complete reliance on his judgment.
Result ofHis sickness is the result of the contaminated food.
Rules forThere are rules for driving.
Rules of (a game)To enjoy golfing, you need to understand the rules of golf.
Solution toThere are no simple solutions to the unemployment problem.
Source ofWe’ll need to find a new source of income.
A supply ofBring a large supply of food for you
A variety ofThe shirt is available in a variety of colors.

 

  1. Adjective / Adverbs + preposition

 

Afraid ofI’ve always afraid of flying.
Angry at s.thThey were angry at the way they had been treated.
Angry with s.oneI was (got) angry with her.
Attached toThe children are very attached to grandparents.
Based onHe wrote a novel based on face.
Capable ofA force 10 wind is capable of blowing the roofs off house.
Close toShe was very close to death for a while.
Dependent onIt’s very easy to become dependent on sleeping pills.
Different fromEmily is completely different from her sister.
Disappointed with (by)I’m disappointed by the way our team played today.
Eligible forYou have to employ for six months to be eligible for medical benefits.
Essential for (to)The knowledge of English is essential for this job.
Familiar withI’m not familiar with current research in the field.
Free fromBecause the organization is a charitable enterprise, it is free from tax worldwide.
Free ofMy doctor told me I would never be complete free of the disease.
Identical toThe tests are identical to those carried out last year.
Inferior toThey felt inferior to the others until the team’s international success gave them some pride.
Married toHow long have you been married to John?
Preferable toSurely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
Related toExperts believe that a large number of cancer causes in the area are related to the new nuclear power station.
Responsible forJohn is directly responsible for the efficient running of the office.
Satisfied withI am not satisfied with the standard of your work.
Similar toI bought some new shoes which are very similar to a pair I had before.
Subject toJapan is a country subject to earthquakes.
Suitable forThe movie is rate R and is not suitable for children.
Superior toManufacturing companies send millions of dollars trying to convince customer that their products are superior to those of other companies.
Surprised at (by)We were very surprised at the result.

He seemed surprised by the question.

 

 

 

 

  1. Verb + preposition
Account for = ExplainThe army made no attempt to account for missing men.
Accustom oneself toIt’ll take time for me to accustom myself to change.
Agree to (a plan)Both sides in the conflict have agreed to the terms of the peace treaty.
Approve ofI thoroughly approve of what the management is doing.
Arrive atIt was dark by the time we arrived at the station.
Arrive inEarly humans first arrived in the area over 25,000 year ago.
Begin withThe word “cat” begins with the letter “c”.
Believe inI believe in the fundamental goodness of human nature.
Caution againstThe writer cautioned the newspaper’s readers against buying (= warned them not to buy) shares without getting good advice first.
Complete withIf a company completes with another, it try to get people to buy its goods or services instead of other companies.
Consist ofThe team consists of four Americans and two Europeans.
Contribute toFailing sale in American market contributed to the company’s collapse.
Cooperate withHe said that he had cooperated with the government in its investigation.
Deal withThe second part of this document deals with staff training.
Decide onWe’re decided on a beige carpet for the dining room.
Decrease byHis salary decreased by 10% because of the recession.
Depend onThe cost of your fly depends on what time of year you go.

The city’s economy depends largely on the car industry.

Divide among

(>= 2 people)

I think we should divide (up) the costs equally among us.
Divide between

(2 people)

Greg divided his energies between running company and playing tennis.
Divide into (parts)After World War II, Germany divided 2 separate countries for more than four decades.
Escape fromA lion has escaped from its cage.
Interfere withEven a low level of noise interferes with my concentration.
Invest inThe company has invested millions dollars in writing new programs.
Participate inShe never participates in any of our discussions, does she?
Pay forHow much did you pay for tickets?
Plan onWe were planning on just having a snack and catching the early train.
Prepare forAlthough the crisis seems to be over, we should prepare for a time of trouble.
Prohibit fromMotor vehicles are prohibited from driving in the town’s center.
Recover fromIt took her a long while to recover from her heart operation.
Rely onI rely on you for good advice.
Replace A with BThe factory replaced most of its workers with robots.
Respond toThe government has responded to public pressure by abolishing a new tax.
Result inThe fire resulted in damage to their property.
Search forScientists are still searching for cure for common cold.
Subscribe toShe subscribes to women’s magazines and local newspapers.

 

Substitute A for BThe company illegally substitutes cheap bolts and screws for more expensive material.
Succeed inThe campaign has certainly succeeded in raising public awareness of the issue.
Talk about

( a topic)

He spent a lot of time talking about his hobbies.
Talk to

(an audience)

She talks to her mother on the phone every week.
Wait for

(s.th or someone)

The dentist kept me waiting for ages.
Wait on

(a customer)

She waits on shoppers all day at the department store.

 

  1. Others
Ahead ofI’m on the waiting list for a ticket, but there are ten people ahead of me.
Along withWhy don’t you take him along with you when you go?
Because ofWe had to convention because of the bad weather.
By means ofShe tried to explain by means of sign language.
Due toThe fire was due to a faulty wire in a plug.
In charge ofWho will be in charge of the department when Sophie leaves?
In favor ofThe majority was in favor of the proposal.
On spite ofOn spite of his (= Although he has an) injury, Ricardo will play in Monday’s match.
Instead ofYou can have herbal tea instead of coffee if you want.
On account ofShe is angry on account of what you said about her husband at lunch.
Prior toHe had so on sign of being in pain prior to (= before) suffering a heart attack and collapsing.
Regardless toThe plant for a new office tower went ahead regardless of local opposition.
Thanks toThanks to yesterday’s rain, the morning air was fresher than usual.
Together withThe bottle of champagne, together with those chocolates, will make a nice present.
Access toThe system has been designed to give user quick and easy access to the required information.
According toAccording to weather forecast, the weather will improve soon.
Add toHave you anything to add to your earlier statement.
Advocate forDr. Smith has long been practicing pediatrician and an advocate for children’s rights.
Ahead of timeLet’s meet for lunch. I’ll call you ahead of time (= in advance) to fix a time and a place.
Be aimed atThe government’s campaign is aimed at influencing public opinion.
Arrange forThe meeting has arranged for Monday.
Aside fromI hardly watch television, aside from news and current affairs.
At one’s expenseI treated my friend at my expense.
At randomThe librarian took a book from the shelf at random.
At stakeThousands of lives will be at stake if emergency aid does not arrive in the city soon.
At the rate ofThe car was going at the rate of 40 miles an hour.
At the rick ofHe rescued the dog at the rick of his own life.
Attribute A to BThe doctor has attributed the cause of his illness to an unknown virus.
Be accustomed to + nounI’m not accustomed to being treated like this.
Become acquitted with (=get to know)John becomes acquitted with many well-known writers and artists.
Be acquitted withStudents who are acquitted with one foreign language tend to find it easier to learn a new one.
Be apt toThe kitchen roof is apt to leak when it rains.
Be ashamed ofOliver Twist was not ashamed of asking for more food.
Be available toIt is vital that food is made available to the famine areas.
Be aware ofIs he aware of the price of shoes like those?

(Does he realize that they are very expensive?)

Be based onThe film is based on a story by John Smith.
Be bound toIt was bound to sooner or later.
Be comparable toA cave is not comparable to a house for comfort.
Be concerned aboutI’m a bit concerned about your health.
Be convicted ofHe has twice been convicted of robbery.
Be covered withHow much of earth’s surface is covered with water?
Be discontented withThe boys are discontented with their present situation.
Be eager toShe was very eager to meet you.
Be eligible forStudents must pass in all subjects to be eligible for the school team.
Be entitled to V/NThe one who wins is entitled to the first prize.
Be essential toThe accounting department is essential to the company’s organization.
Be experienced in (a field)John is experienced in repairing cars.
Be experienced with somethingHe is experiences with the new computer.
Be faced withThe company is faced with a difficult situation because of the recession.
Be famous forKorea is famous for semiconductors.
Be intended forThat gift is intended for you.
Be liable toThat glass is liable to break.
Be likely toIt is likely to be hot in August.
Be noted forSamson was noted for his strength.
Be responsible forEach pupil is responsible for the care of the books given to him.
Be satisfied withHe was satisfied with the test results.
Be suspicious ofSometimes women are overly suspicious of their husbands.
Be taken by surpriseThat he was taken by surprise is true.
Be willing to + verbI am willing to wait until tomorrow.
Beware ofYou must beware of swimming in a strong current.
Call on someoneWe must call on our new neighbors.
Call one’s attention toThis is to call your attention to the fact that your account of VN VND 1,000,000,000 is still unpaid.
Care forThe nurse will care for him at the hospital.
Carry outHe carried out his job well.
Come by

(= obtain)

He came by the money honestly.
Come down withHe came down with the measles.
Come in first (twice, third, …)That horse came in first.
Come into effectThe marketing advertisement will come into effect soon.
Come to an endAll good things must come to an end.
Compared toModel 123 is the more advances system, compared to model 122.
Compensate forThe company always compensates her for her extra work.
Comply withHe complied with the doctor’s order to take a rest.
Concentrate onHe concentrated on his reading so that he would understand the story.
Be contrary toMy sister’s taste in dresses is contrary to my own.
Contribute toHonesty and hard work contributes to success and happiness.
Count onI’m sure that I can count on your cooperation.
Deal withThe courts deal with those who break the laws.
Decrease inThere has been a decreased in our sales.
Demand forThere is a demand for engineers at the company.
Deprive A of BThe people deprived the cruel king of his power.
Difference betweenThe only difference between the twins is that Katy weights 5 kg than Rebecca.
Dispense withIt’s so warn today that I can dispense with my overcoat.
Divide A into BThe business organization can be divided into several different divisions.
Do withoutA month after accepting the resignation of its corporate planning director, the company found that if will be extremely difficult do without him.
Drag onThe seminar drags on and on.
Be exposed toMany people were exposed to danger.
Familiarize oneself withBefore playing the new game, familiarize yourself with the rules.
Fill inWhen you apply for that job, you need to fill in the date of your application.
Fill outPlease fill out the application form and send it.
Be furnished withThis department is furnished with fine furniture.
Get along withThe boss should get along with the employees.
Get in touch withI will get in touch with you wherever I go.
Get through withAs soon as I get through with my work, I will join you.
Have an effect onThe advertising campaign didn’t have much effect on sales.
Have influence onThe climate has a great influence on farming.
Hold outHow long can the enemy hold out?
In (with) regard to + V_ingThe teacher wish to speak to you in (with) regard to being late.
In a rowThere are three houses in a row.
Be in accordance withWhat he did was in accordance with what he said.
Be in charge ofMr. Smith is in charge of Marketing Department.
In comparison withEven a large lake is small in comparison with an ocean.
In conclusionIn conclusion, I will say that it was an honor to be the speaker at the meeting.
In honor ofThe dinner was held in honor of colleague who was leaving.
In response toShe laughed in response to his jokes.
In support ofHe spoke in support of the proposal.
In terms ofThe book is a big success in terms of the interest it aroused.
Inflict onA knife can inflict a bad wound on a person.
Instead ofShe watched TV instead of for her final exam.
Interfere withNever allow personal feelings to interfere with your work.
Keep track ofThe noise makes it difficult for me to keep track of what you said.
Leave out

(= omit)

She left out to words when she read the sentence.
Make up for (= compensate for)He reserved a direct flight from Las Angeles to Chicago to make up for lost time.
Name afterThe Hudson River is named after the English explorer Henry Hudson.
On behalf ofHe worked on behalf of his friend.

The lawyer spoke convincingly on behalf of his client.

On account of

(= because of)

The game was delayed on account of the rain.
On the waiting listHe put his name on the waiting list.
Out of orderThat air conditioner is out of order.
Out of printThis magazine is out of print.
Participate in

(= take part in)

Would you like to participate in our blood drive?
Place an emphasis onThe president of the company placed a great emphasis on the marketing campaign.
Prior toI called on him prior to my departure.
Put emphasis onMy school puts much emphasis on studies that its students prepare for collage.
Put in forHe puts in for a transfer to the Sales Department.
Put up withI couldn’t put up with the boredom.
Raise the questionThe president raised the question concerning the upcoming merger.
Regardless ofRegardless of its location of facilities, a park is intended for the enjoyment of all.
Remind A of BThis picture reminds me to a story I heard.
Run (take) a risk ofIn order to win the war, we had to take a risk of offending neutral nations.
Run out ofMother run out of eggs and had to borrow some from neighbors.
Run shortThe hunter’s supply of food ran short at the end of the long winter.
Set outThey set out on the hike with plenty of water.
Set up (establish)He sold his business and set up a new one.
Show off (= display)Most girls like to show off fine clothes.
Show up (= appear)The golfer showed up one hour late for his match.
Sign up forDid you sign up for the computer class?
Specialize inMany students specialize in engineering.
Stand by

(= support)

I delivered a speech to stand by the government policy.
Stand for

(= represent)

The blue birds stand for happiness.
Stop byMr. Smith stopped by his parent’s house on the way home.
Subscribe toWe subscribed to few magazines.
Succeed inShe was filled with the aspiration to succeed in a life.
Take … for grantedPeople take the continuation of economic growth for granted.
Take advantage ofYou shouldn’t take advantage of his generosity.
Take into considerationThe judge took the boy’s age into consideration.
Take turns + V-ingThey took turns watching the baby.
Tend toFarms tend to use more machinery now.
Throughout the dayHe worked hard throughout the day.
Trial and errorWe can learn through trial and error.
Turn in (=submit, hand in)The general manager turned in the finished proposal to the president.
Under constructionThe factory is under construction.
With the exception ofI like all my studies with the exception of economics.
Work outI saw John working out in the gymnasium.

 

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