Words and expressions frequently appear on TOEIC
- Nouns + preposition
|The cause of fire was carelessness
|A combination of high interest rates and falling demands forced the company to close.
|The management has refused to agree to our demand for 7% pay raise.
|People are happy with development in medicine.
|One of the effects of illness is that you lose your hair.
|This church is a wonderful example of medieval architecture.
|We don’t usually do it this way, but we’ll make an exception to the rule in your case.
|What gave you the idea for the book?
|There has been a significant improvement in the company’s trading position.
|An increase in crime was one of the most serious problems that city had.
|He is a native of California.
|The question of cost will play an important part in our decision.
|What is the price of this suit?
|There’s very little probability of an agreement being reached.
|The company had no problems with management.
|Coal was formed out of dead forest by a long, slow process of chemical change.
|I have complete reliance on his judgment.
|His sickness is the result of the contaminated food.
|There are rules for driving.
|Rules of (a game)
|To enjoy golfing, you need to understand the rules of golf.
|There are no simple solutions to the unemployment problem.
|We’ll need to find a new source of income.
|A supply of
|Bring a large supply of food for you
|A variety of
|The shirt is available in a variety of colors.
- Adjective / Adverbs + preposition
|I’ve always afraid of flying.
|Angry at s.th
|They were angry at the way they had been treated.
|Angry with s.one
|I was (got) angry with her.
|The children are very attached to grandparents.
|He wrote a novel based on face.
|A force 10 wind is capable of blowing the roofs off house.
|She was very close to death for a while.
|It’s very easy to become dependent on sleeping pills.
|Emily is completely different from her sister.
|Disappointed with (by)
|I’m disappointed by the way our team played today.
|You have to employ for six months to be eligible for medical benefits.
|Essential for (to)
|The knowledge of English is essential for this job.
|I’m not familiar with current research in the field.
|Because the organization is a charitable enterprise, it is free from tax worldwide.
|My doctor told me I would never be complete free of the disease.
|The tests are identical to those carried out last year.
|They felt inferior to the others until the team’s international success gave them some pride.
|How long have you been married to John?
|Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
|Experts believe that a large number of cancer causes in the area are related to the new nuclear power station.
|John is directly responsible for the efficient running of the office.
|I am not satisfied with the standard of your work.
|I bought some new shoes which are very similar to a pair I had before.
|Japan is a country subject to earthquakes.
|The movie is rate R and is not suitable for children.
|Manufacturing companies send millions of dollars trying to convince customer that their products are superior to those of other companies.
|Surprised at (by)
|We were very surprised at the result.
He seemed surprised by the question.
- Verb + preposition
|Account for = Explain
|The army made no attempt to account for missing men.
|Accustom oneself to
|It’ll take time for me to accustom myself to change.
|Agree to (a plan)
|Both sides in the conflict have agreed to the terms of the peace treaty.
|I thoroughly approve of what the management is doing.
|It was dark by the time we arrived at the station.
|Early humans first arrived in the area over 25,000 year ago.
|The word “cat” begins with the letter “c”.
|I believe in the fundamental goodness of human nature.
|The writer cautioned the newspaper’s readers against buying (= warned them not to buy) shares without getting good advice first.
|If a company completes with another, it try to get people to buy its goods or services instead of other companies.
|The team consists of four Americans and two Europeans.
|Failing sale in American market contributed to the company’s collapse.
|He said that he had cooperated with the government in its investigation.
|The second part of this document deals with staff training.
|We’re decided on a beige carpet for the dining room.
|His salary decreased by 10% because of the recession.
|The cost of your fly depends on what time of year you go.
The city’s economy depends largely on the car industry.
(>= 2 people)
|I think we should divide (up) the costs equally among us.
|Greg divided his energies between running company and playing tennis.
|Divide into (parts)
|After World War II, Germany divided 2 separate countries for more than four decades.
|A lion has escaped from its cage.
|Even a low level of noise interferes with my concentration.
|The company has invested millions dollars in writing new programs.
|She never participates in any of our discussions, does she?
|How much did you pay for tickets?
|We were planning on just having a snack and catching the early train.
|Although the crisis seems to be over, we should prepare for a time of trouble.
|Motor vehicles are prohibited from driving in the town’s center.
|It took her a long while to recover from her heart operation.
|I rely on you for good advice.
|Replace A with B
|The factory replaced most of its workers with robots.
|The government has responded to public pressure by abolishing a new tax.
|The fire resulted in damage to their property.
|Scientists are still searching for cure for common cold.
|She subscribes to women’s magazines and local newspapers.
|Substitute A for B
|The company illegally substitutes cheap bolts and screws for more expensive material.
|The campaign has certainly succeeded in raising public awareness of the issue.
( a topic)
|He spent a lot of time talking about his hobbies.
|She talks to her mother on the phone every week.
(s.th or someone)
|The dentist kept me waiting for ages.
|She waits on shoppers all day at the department store.
|I’m on the waiting list for a ticket, but there are ten people ahead of me.
|Why don’t you take him along with you when you go?
|We had to convention because of the bad weather.
|By means of
|She tried to explain by means of sign language.
|The fire was due to a faulty wire in a plug.
|In charge of
|Who will be in charge of the department when Sophie leaves?
|In favor of
|The majority was in favor of the proposal.
|On spite of
|On spite of his (= Although he has an) injury, Ricardo will play in Monday’s match.
|You can have herbal tea instead of coffee if you want.
|On account of
|She is angry on account of what you said about her husband at lunch.
|He had so on sign of being in pain prior to (= before) suffering a heart attack and collapsing.
|The plant for a new office tower went ahead regardless of local opposition.
|Thanks to yesterday’s rain, the morning air was fresher than usual.
|The bottle of champagne, together with those chocolates, will make a nice present.
|The system has been designed to give user quick and easy access to the required information.
|According to weather forecast, the weather will improve soon.
|Have you anything to add to your earlier statement.
|Dr. Smith has long been practicing pediatrician and an advocate for children’s rights.
|Ahead of time
|Let’s meet for lunch. I’ll call you ahead of time (= in advance) to fix a time and a place.
|Be aimed at
|The government’s campaign is aimed at influencing public opinion.
|The meeting has arranged for Monday.
|I hardly watch television, aside from news and current affairs.
|At one’s expense
|I treated my friend at my expense.
|The librarian took a book from the shelf at random.
|Thousands of lives will be at stake if emergency aid does not arrive in the city soon.
|At the rate of
|The car was going at the rate of 40 miles an hour.
|At the rick of
|He rescued the dog at the rick of his own life.
|Attribute A to B
|The doctor has attributed the cause of his illness to an unknown virus.
|Be accustomed to + noun
|I’m not accustomed to being treated like this.
|Become acquitted with (=get to know)
|John becomes acquitted with many well-known writers and artists.
|Be acquitted with
|Students who are acquitted with one foreign language tend to find it easier to learn a new one.
|Be apt to
|The kitchen roof is apt to leak when it rains.
|Be ashamed of
|Oliver Twist was not ashamed of asking for more food.
|Be available to
|It is vital that food is made available to the famine areas.
|Be aware of
|Is he aware of the price of shoes like those?
(Does he realize that they are very expensive?)
|Be based on
|The film is based on a story by John Smith.
|Be bound to
|It was bound to sooner or later.
|Be comparable to
|A cave is not comparable to a house for comfort.
|Be concerned about
|I’m a bit concerned about your health.
|Be convicted of
|He has twice been convicted of robbery.
|Be covered with
|How much of earth’s surface is covered with water?
|Be discontented with
|The boys are discontented with their present situation.
|Be eager to
|She was very eager to meet you.
|Be eligible for
|Students must pass in all subjects to be eligible for the school team.
|Be entitled to V/N
|The one who wins is entitled to the first prize.
|Be essential to
|The accounting department is essential to the company’s organization.
|Be experienced in (a field)
|John is experienced in repairing cars.
|Be experienced with something
|He is experiences with the new computer.
|Be faced with
|The company is faced with a difficult situation because of the recession.
|Be famous for
|Korea is famous for semiconductors.
|Be intended for
|That gift is intended for you.
|Be liable to
|That glass is liable to break.
|Be likely to
|It is likely to be hot in August.
|Be noted for
|Samson was noted for his strength.
|Be responsible for
|Each pupil is responsible for the care of the books given to him.
|Be satisfied with
|He was satisfied with the test results.
|Be suspicious of
|Sometimes women are overly suspicious of their husbands.
|Be taken by surprise
|That he was taken by surprise is true.
|Be willing to + verb
|I am willing to wait until tomorrow.
|You must beware of swimming in a strong current.
|Call on someone
|We must call on our new neighbors.
|Call one’s attention to
|This is to call your attention to the fact that your account of VN VND 1,000,000,000 is still unpaid.
|The nurse will care for him at the hospital.
|He carried out his job well.
|He came by the money honestly.
|Come down with
|He came down with the measles.
|Come in first (twice, third, …)
|That horse came in first.
|Come into effect
|The marketing advertisement will come into effect soon.
|Come to an end
|All good things must come to an end.
|Model 123 is the more advances system, compared to model 122.
|The company always compensates her for her extra work.
|He complied with the doctor’s order to take a rest.
|He concentrated on his reading so that he would understand the story.
|Be contrary to
|My sister’s taste in dresses is contrary to my own.
|Honesty and hard work contributes to success and happiness.
|I’m sure that I can count on your cooperation.
|The courts deal with those who break the laws.
|There has been a decreased in our sales.
|There is a demand for engineers at the company.
|Deprive A of B
|The people deprived the cruel king of his power.
|The only difference between the twins is that Katy weights 5 kg than Rebecca.
|It’s so warn today that I can dispense with my overcoat.
|Divide A into B
|The business organization can be divided into several different divisions.
|A month after accepting the resignation of its corporate planning director, the company found that if will be extremely difficult do without him.
|The seminar drags on and on.
|Be exposed to
|Many people were exposed to danger.
|Familiarize oneself with
|Before playing the new game, familiarize yourself with the rules.
|When you apply for that job, you need to fill in the date of your application.
|Please fill out the application form and send it.
|Be furnished with
|This department is furnished with fine furniture.
|Get along with
|The boss should get along with the employees.
|Get in touch with
|I will get in touch with you wherever I go.
|Get through with
|As soon as I get through with my work, I will join you.
|Have an effect on
|The advertising campaign didn’t have much effect on sales.
|Have influence on
|The climate has a great influence on farming.
|How long can the enemy hold out?
|In (with) regard to + V_ing
|The teacher wish to speak to you in (with) regard to being late.
|In a row
|There are three houses in a row.
|Be in accordance with
|What he did was in accordance with what he said.
|Be in charge of
|Mr. Smith is in charge of Marketing Department.
|In comparison with
|Even a large lake is small in comparison with an ocean.
|In conclusion, I will say that it was an honor to be the speaker at the meeting.
|In honor of
|The dinner was held in honor of colleague who was leaving.
|In response to
|She laughed in response to his jokes.
|In support of
|He spoke in support of the proposal.
|In terms of
|The book is a big success in terms of the interest it aroused.
|A knife can inflict a bad wound on a person.
|She watched TV instead of for her final exam.
|Never allow personal feelings to interfere with your work.
|Keep track of
|The noise makes it difficult for me to keep track of what you said.
|She left out to words when she read the sentence.
|Make up for (= compensate for)
|He reserved a direct flight from Las Angeles to Chicago to make up for lost time.
|The Hudson River is named after the English explorer Henry Hudson.
|On behalf of
|He worked on behalf of his friend.
The lawyer spoke convincingly on behalf of his client.
|On account of
(= because of)
|The game was delayed on account of the rain.
|On the waiting list
|He put his name on the waiting list.
|Out of order
|That air conditioner is out of order.
|Out of print
|This magazine is out of print.
(= take part in)
|Would you like to participate in our blood drive?
|Place an emphasis on
|The president of the company placed a great emphasis on the marketing campaign.
|I called on him prior to my departure.
|Put emphasis on
|My school puts much emphasis on studies that its students prepare for collage.
|Put in for
|He puts in for a transfer to the Sales Department.
|Put up with
|I couldn’t put up with the boredom.
|Raise the question
|The president raised the question concerning the upcoming merger.
|Regardless of its location of facilities, a park is intended for the enjoyment of all.
|Remind A of B
|This picture reminds me to a story I heard.
|Run (take) a risk of
|In order to win the war, we had to take a risk of offending neutral nations.
|Run out of
|Mother run out of eggs and had to borrow some from neighbors.
|The hunter’s supply of food ran short at the end of the long winter.
|They set out on the hike with plenty of water.
|Set up (establish)
|He sold his business and set up a new one.
|Show off (= display)
|Most girls like to show off fine clothes.
|Show up (= appear)
|The golfer showed up one hour late for his match.
|Sign up for
|Did you sign up for the computer class?
|Many students specialize in engineering.
|I delivered a speech to stand by the government policy.
|The blue birds stand for happiness.
|Mr. Smith stopped by his parent’s house on the way home.
|We subscribed to few magazines.
|She was filled with the aspiration to succeed in a life.
|Take … for granted
|People take the continuation of economic growth for granted.
|Take advantage of
|You shouldn’t take advantage of his generosity.
|Take into consideration
|The judge took the boy’s age into consideration.
|Take turns + V-ing
|They took turns watching the baby.
|Farms tend to use more machinery now.
|Throughout the day
|He worked hard throughout the day.
|Trial and error
|We can learn through trial and error.
|Turn in (=submit, hand in)
|The general manager turned in the finished proposal to the president.
|The factory is under construction.
|With the exception of
|I like all my studies with the exception of economics.
|I saw John working out in the gymnasium.