a lot / some / any
These words are used with
a lot of = many or much
There is a lot of traffic on one side of the street.
There are a lot of cars on one side of the street.
A lot of traffic = many cars
not a lot of = not many or not much
There isn’t a lot of traffic on the other side.
There are some cars but not very many.
(some = a relatively small amount but “some” is not easy to quantify or equate to a particular number.)
|There were a lot of people at the beach yesterday.||
There aren’t a lot of people at the beach today.
There aren’t many people at the beach today. There are some but not many.
Use “any” with negatives and questions.
There isn’t any traffic in the street.
There aren’t any cars. (not any = 0)
Do you see any people?
|A lot, some, and any are used with indefinite amounts:
Q: How many students are there in the classroom:
A: There are a lot. (This is a large number). Or….
A: There are some students. (This is a small number but the number is not known.) Or….
A: There aren’t any students. (This is zero or a very, very small number and the number is not known.)
Directions: Fill in the blank with “any” or “some.” (10 points)
1. She doesn’t have ________ time today.
2. I bought __________ oranges.
3. There’s _______ milk in the refrigerator if you want _______.
4. There’s never ________ money in my wallet.
5. Do you have _________ eggs?
6. I need to get _________ new shoes.
7. They would love to have _________ more children.
8. Did you see __________ clothes that you wanted to buy?
9. There aren’t __________ good stores at that mall.
10. Mary can’t find __________ earrings to wear.
Directions: Change these sentences to the negative. (10 points)
1. She has some bananas.
2. I want some pizza.
3. He bought some groceries.
4. We wanted some water.
5. The students learned some English.
The students ____________________________________.